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英语句子分析_内心独白

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简介 英语句子分析豌豆公主的故事  篇一:经典英语句子成分分析民间传说故事大全关于劳动的句子  句子成分;简单句、并列句和复合句睡美人睡前故事  一、句子成分游子吟的

英语句子分析

豌豆公主的故事

  篇一:经典英语句子成分分析

民间传说故事大全

关于劳动的句子

  句子成分;简单句、并列句和复合句

睡美人睡前故事

  一、句子成分

游子吟的翻译

  句子成分的定义:构成句子的各个部分叫做句子成分。句子成分有主要成分和次要成分;主要成分有主语和谓语;次要成分有表语、宾语、定语、状语、补足语和同位语。

  主语:主语是一个句子所叙述的主体,一般位于句首。但在there be结构、疑问句和倒装句中,主语位于谓语、助动词或情态动词后面。主语可由名词、代词、数词、不定式、动名词、名词化的形容词和主语从句等表示。例如:

  During the 1990s, American country music has become more and more popular. We often speak English in class.

  One-third of the students in this class are girls.

  To swim in the river is a great pleasure.

  Smoking does harm to the health.

  The rich should help the poor.

  When we are going to have an English test has not been decided.

  It is necessary to master a foreign language.

  谓语:谓语说明主语所做的动作或具有的特征和状态。动词在句中作谓语,一般放在主语之后。谓语的构成如下:

  1、简单谓语:由一个动词或动词短语构成。如:He practices running every morning.

  2、复合谓语:由情态动词或其他助动词加动词原形构成。如:You may keep the book for two weeks. He has caught a bad cold. 由系动词加表语构成。如:We are students.

  表语:表语用以说明主语的身份、特征和状态,它一般位于系动词之后。表语一般由名词、代词、形容词、分词、数词、不定式、动名词、介词短语、副词及表语从句表示。例如:

  Our teacher of English is an American.

  Is it yours?

  The weather has turned cold.

  The speech is exciting.

  Three times seven is twenty one?

  His job is to teach English.

  His hobbyis playing football.

  The machine must be out of order.

  Time is up. The class is over.

  The truth is that he has never been abroad.

  宾语:宾语表示动作的对象或承爱者,一般位于及物动词和介词后面。例如: They went to see an exhibitionyesterday.

  The heavy rain prevented me form coming to school on time.

  How many dictionaries do you have? I have five.

  They helped the old with their housework yesterday.

  He pretended not to see me.

  I enjoy listening to popular music.

  I thinkhe is fit for his office.

  宾语种类:双宾语,例如:Lend me your dictionary, please.

  复合宾语,例如:They elected him their monitor.

  宾语补足语:英语中有些及物动词,除有一个直接宾语以外,还要有一个宾语补语,才能使句子的意义完整。带有宾语补足语的一般句型为:某些及物动词。宾补可由名词、形容词、副词、不定式、分词、介词短语和从句充当。例如: His father named him Dongming.

  They painted their boat white.

  Let the fresh air in.

  You mustn't force him to lend his money to you.

  We saw her entering the room.

  We found everything in the lab in good order.

  We will soon make our city what your city is now.

  定语:修饰名词或代词的词、短语或从句称为定语。定语可由以下等成分表示: Guilin is a beautiful city.

  China is a developing country; America is a developed country.

  There are thirty women teachers is our school.

  His rapid progress in English made us surprised.

  Our monitor is always the first to enter the classroom.

  The teaching plan for next term has been worked out.

  He is reading an article about how to learn English.

  状语:修饰动词、形容词、副词或整个句子,说明动作或状态特征的句子成分,叫做状语。可由以下形式表示:

  Light travels most quickly.

  He has lived in the city for ten years.

  He is proud to have passed the national college entrance examination. He is in the room making a model plane.

  Wait a minute.

  Once you begin, you must continue.

  状语种类如下:

  How about meeting again at six?

  Last night she didn't go to the dance party because of the rain.

  I shall go there if it doesn't rain.

  Mr Smith lives on the third floor.

  She put the eggs into the basket with great care.

  She came in with a dictionary in her hand.

  In order to catch up with the others, I must work harder.

  He was so tired that he fell asleep immediately.

  She works very hard though she is old.

  I am taller than he is.

  二、简单句、并列句和复合句

  句子种类两种分类法

  1、按句子的用途可分四种:

  1)陈述句:He is six years old; She didn't hear of you before.

  2)疑问句:Do they like skating? How old is he? Is he six or seven years old? Mary can swim, can't she?

  3)祈使句:Be careful, boys; Don't talk in class

  4)感叹句:How clever the boy is!

  2、按句子的结构可分三种:

  1)简单句:只有一个主语和一个谓语。

  e.g. He often reads English in the morning.

  Tom and Mike are American boys.

  She likes drawing and often draws pictures for the wall newspapers.

  2) 并列句:由并列连词或分号把两个或两个以上的简单句连在一起构成。

  e.g. You help him and he helps you.

  The future is bright; the road is tortuous. 前途是光明的,道路是曲折的。

  3)复合句:含有一个或一个以上从句的句子。复合句包含:名词性从句、定语从句和状语从句等。

  e.g. The foreign visitors took a lot of pictures when they were at the Great Wall.

  简单句的五种基本句型

  1、主语+系动词+表语:e.g. He is a student.

  2、主语+不及物动词:e.g. We work.

  3、主语+及物动词+宾语:e.g. Henry bought a dictionary.

  4、主语+及物动词+双宾语:e.g. My father bought me a car.

  5、主语+及物动词+复合宾语:e.g. Tom made the baby laugh.

  注:其他各种句子都可由这一种基本句型扩展、变化或省略而构成。

  并列句的分类

  1、表示连接两个同等概念,常用and, not only…but also…, neither…nor…, then等连接。e.g. The teacher's name is Smith, and the student's name is John.

  2、表示选择,常用的连词有or, either…or…, otherwise等。e.g. Hurry up, or you'll miss the train.

  3、表示转折,常用的连词有but, still, however, yet, while, when等。e.g. He was a little man with thick glasses, but he had a strange way of making his classes lively and interesting.

  4、表示因果关系,常用的连词有so, for, therefore等。e.g. August is the time of the year for rive harvest, so every day I work from dawn until dark.

  按要求完成下列句子:

  1. He dares to tell the truth.

  2. They have lived here for more than ten years.

  3. There will be a sports meet at the end of this month, ____________?

  4. You must be careful with your pronunciation.

  5. They went for a walk after supper yesterday evening.(改为一般疑问句)

  6. It is an interesting story.

  7. This magazine comes outevery other week.

  8. They could hardly believe his words, ____________?

  9. The moon is shining brightly.

  10.Our English teacher is always encouraging us to speak English in class.

  答案1. He doesn't dare to tell the truth. 或He dare not tell the truth. 2. How long have they lived here? 3. won't there 4. Be careful with your pronunciation. 5. Did they go for a walk after supper yesterday evening? 6. What an interesting story (it is)! 或How interesting the story is! 7. How often does this magazine come out? 8. could they 9. How brightly the moon is shining! 10. Who is always encouraging us to speak English in class?

  I hope you are very well. I'm fine, but tired. Right now it is the summer vacation and I'm helping my Dad on the farm. August is the hottest month here. It is the time of year for the rice harvest, so every day I work from dawn until dark. Sometimes we go on working after dark by the lights of our tractors. We grow rice in the south of the States, but in the north where it is colder they grow wheat. We have a lot of machines on the farm. Although the farm is large, my Dad has only two men working for him. But he employs more men for the harvest. My brother takes care of the vegetable garden. It doesn't often rain in the summer here. As a result, we have to water the vegetable garden. Every evening we pump water from a well. It then runs along channels to different parts of the garden.

  Most Saturday evenings there is a party, even at harvest time. These parties often make us very happy. We cook meat on an open fire outside. It's great! Americans eat a lot of meat - too much in my opinion. Some of my friends drink beer. I don't, because I have to drive home after the party. In your letter you asked about the time in different areas of the States. There are five different time areas in the States. In my state we are fourteen hours behind Beijing time. How many different time areas do you have in China? Well, I must stop and get some sleep. Please give my best regards to your parents.

  call on号召,拜访

  call at拜访、参观

  call for去叫某人, 要求, 需要

  call up使回忆起, 征召入伍

  call in召集,请某人来

  call out大喊,高叫

  call off取消,不举行

  1) Doctors are often called _____ in the middle of the war.

  2) Please wait for me at home. I'll call _______ you at your house at seven tonight.

  3) The trains calls _______ several big cities between Beijing and Guangzhou.

  4) He called her name __________, but she didn't answer.

  5) The sports meet was called ____ on account of the rain.

  ( in, for, at, out, off)

  篇二:英语句子成分分析大全

  因此动词不定式、动名词、分词为非谓语动词,不能作谓语。且谓语动词可以体现时态,单复数的语法现象。

  如:They were teachers.(他们曾是老师。) He enjoys singing songs. 这两句话分别由动词were ,enjoys singing 作谓语。其中were 体现出句子的`时态为过去时态,且主语的人称为第一人称,enjoys singing 体现出句子的时态为一般现在时,且主语的人称为第三人称。

  如:

  I play with him. (我和他玩。) I like Chinese food.

  这两句话中分别由人称代词 him , 名词food 作宾语。

  直接宾语与间接宾语:

  有的动词能够接双宾语,直接宾语指的是动词所涉及的物,间接宾语是指受益于动词所表示行为的人。

  如:He gave me a book.

  这句话中 a book 为直接宾语, me 为间接宾语。

  又如:My mother bought a schoolbag to me.(我妈妈买了一个书包给我。)

  这句话中schoolbag 为直接宾语, me 为间接宾语。

  be 后是最常见如They were teachers.(他们曾是老师。) He is kind.. (他心地善良。)

  这两句话分别由名词teachers, 形容词 kind

  作表语。

  这句话由相当于形容词的介词短语in the hospital 作后置定语,修饰work。

  与定语的关键就是看其所修饰的部分,定语修饰名词,且起说明、限制作用。

  如:The students study hard.(学生努力学习)

  这句话由副词hard 作study的状语。

  又如: Pandas only live in China.

  这句话由介词短语 in China 作live的状语。

  再如:In the afternoon, I went to swim. (下午,我去了游泳。)

  这句话由介词短语in the afternoon 作整个句子的状语。

  限制性同位语中同位语与被它限定的词之间不用逗号隔开,非限制性同位语则用逗号隔开。 如: My uncle Mike is kind.(我的叔叔马克心地善良)

  这句话中,Mike 作my uncle

  的限制性同位语。

  又如:He is interested in sports, especially ball games.

  这句话中ball games 作sports 的非限制性同位语。

  ,属于独立成分。它的位置如: Sit down, Lucy.

  这句话Lucy 为呼语

  注意呼语与同位语的区别:同位语指一个名词(或其它形式)对另一个名词或代词进行修饰,

  限定或说明,而呼语只是一个称呼。

  如: My sister Lucy is very beautiful.(我的妹妹露西很漂亮。)

  Lucy 为My sister 的同位语

  又如: Lucy, come on.

  Lucy为呼语

   主语 谓语 宾语

  篇三:英语句子成分讲解

  英语句子成分和英语句子结构讲解

  1. 主语: 句子说明的人或事物。

  The sun rises in the east. He likes dancing.

  Twenty years is a short time in history. (数词) Seeing is believing. To see is to believe. What he needs is a book.

  It is very clear that the elephant is round and tall like a tree.

  2. 谓语: 说明主语的动作、状态和特征。

  We study English. He is asleep.

  3. 表语: 系动词之后的成分,表示主语的性质、状态和特征。

  He is a teacher. Seventy-four! You don’t look it. Five and five is ten. He is asleep. His father is in. The picture is on the wall. ( 介词短语) My watch is gone / missing / lost.

  To wear a flower is to say “I’m poor, I can’t buy a ring.

  The question is whether they will come.

  , look, feel(摸起来,smell, taste, remain, feel ...

  It sounds a good idea. The sound sounds strange.

  Her voice sounds sweet. Tom looks thin.

  The food smells delicious. The food tastes good.

  The door remains open. Now I feel tired.

  4. 宾语:1)动作的承受者-----动宾

  I like China. He hates you.

  How many do you need? We need two.

  We should help the old and the poor. I enjoy working with you.

  I hope to see you again. Did you write down what he said?

  2) 介词后的名词、代词和动名词-----介宾

  Are you afraid of the snake? Under the snow, there are many rocks.

  3) 双宾语-----间宾和直宾

  He gave me a book yesterday. Give the poor man some money.

  5. 宾补:对宾语的补充,全称为宾语补足语。

  We elected him monitor. We all think it a pity that she didn’t come here. We will make them happy. We found nobody in. ( 副词 )

  Please make yourself at home. 介词短语) Don’t let him do that.

  His father advised him to teach the lazy boy a lesson.

  Don’t keep the lights burning. I’ll have my bike repaired.

  6. 定语:修饰或限制名词或代词的词、词组或句子。

  Ai Yanling is a chemistry teacher. He is our friend.

  We belong to the third world. He was advised to teach the lazy boy a lesson. The man over there is my old friend.(副词) The woman with a baby in her arms is my sister. (介词) The boys playing football are in Class 2.

  The trees planted last year are growing well now.

  I have an idea to do it well. You should do everything that I do.

  7. 状语:用来修饰v., adj., adv., or 句子。

  表示时间、地点、原因、目的、结果、程度、条件、方式和让步。 I will go there tomorrow. The meeting will be held in the meeting room. The meat went bad because of the hot weather. He studies hard to learn English well.

  He didn’t study hard so that he failed in the exam. I like some of you very much.

  If you study hard, you will pass the exam. He goes to school by bike.

  Though he is young, he can do it well.

  8. 同位语. 与句中的某一成分,常常是名词或代词,是同一意思, 可互相替换. ?

  ? 9. 主补:对主语的补充。

  He was elected monitor. She was found singing in the next room.

  He was advised to teach the lazy boy a lesson.

  句子结构----简单句的五个基本句型

  1. 主语 + 不及物动词 She came./ My head aches.

  2. 主语 + 及物动词 +宾语 She likes English.

  3. 主语 + 系动词 +主语补语 She is happy.

  4. 主语 + 双宾动词 +间接宾语 +直接宾语 She gave John a book. She bought a book for me.

  5. 主语 + 宾补动词 + 宾语 + 宾语补语 She makes her mother angry.

  The teacher asked me to read the passage.

  

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